These are the top 10 web application vulnerabilities in 2022. It is important to be aware of them and take steps to protect your web application from these threats. By taking the necessary precautions, and potentially using vulnerability testing as part of your organizations plan to help ensure your web application is secure and your users data is protected.
Top 10 Web Application Vulnerabilties:
- Insecure Direct Object Reference (IDOR): IDORs occur when a web application references an internal object, such as a file or a database record, by its name or key rather than by an authorization check. This lack of authorization can allow attackers to bypass the intended security controls and access data they should not be able to.
- SQL Injection (SQLi): SQLi is a type of attack that takes advantage of an application’s vulnerability to maliciously insert code into the SQL statement used to query a database. This can allow an attacker to gain access to confidential data, alter data, or even execute commands on the server.
- Cross-Site Scripting (XSS): XSS is a type of attack that injects malicious code into a web page. This code is executed by the browser and can be used to steal user data, access sensitive information. XSS has multiple different types, (stored, reflected, blind, DOM) for more information see this blog post which explains what XSS is and each different type.
- Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF): CSRF is a type of attack that tricks a user into performing an action they did not intend. For example, a malicious website could forge a request to a vulnerable web application and have the user unknowingly execute a command on the server.
- Broken Authentication and Session Management: This type of vulnerability occurs when a web application fails to properly protect user credentials and session tokens. Attackers can exploit this to gain access to user accounts or even hijack active sessions.
- Insufficient Logging and Monitoring: Many web applications fail to properly monitor their systems for suspicious activity. Without proper logging and monitoring, attackers can exploit vulnerabilities without being detected.
- Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards: Unvalidated redirects and forwards occur when a web application redirects a user to an untrusted site without validating the destination. This can allow attackers to redirect users to malicious websites and steal confidential data.
- Security Misconfiguration: This type of vulnerability occurs when a web application is not properly secured. For example, a web application may be missing critical security patches or have unnecessary services running.
- Insecure Deserialization: Insecure deserialization occurs when a web application deserializes untrusted data. Attackers can exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the server.
- Sensitive Data Exposure: Sensitive data exposure occurs when a web application fails to protect sensitive data, such as passwords, credit card numbers, or health records. Attackers can exploit this vulnerability to steal confidential information.
Cyber attacks are constantly evolving, and with it the threats to web applications. It is important to be aware of the top 10 web application vulnerabilities in 2022.